Frequently Cited Sources and Terms

1850 Census — Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

1860 Census — Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

1870 Census — Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census. [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: 1870 U.S. census, population schedules. NARA microfilm publication M593, 1,761 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.; Minnesota census schedules for 1870. NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

1874 Plat MapHardesty's Sectional Map of Lake Co. Indiana. Chicago: Rufus Blanchard, n.d. [The map's date is estimated at circa 1874.]

1880 Census — Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. 1880 U.S. Census Index provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints © Copyright 1999 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. All use is subject to the limited use license and other terms and conditions applicable to this site. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1880. T9, 1,454 rolls.

1891 Plat Book — Northwest Indiana Genealogical Society. 1891 Plat Book for Appraisers of Real Estate, Lake County, Indiana. Valparaiso: Northwest Indiana Genealogical Society, 2007.

1900 Census — Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.

1908 Plat Map — F.L. Knight & Sons, Surveyors, and E.C. Clover, Draughtsman. Map of Lake County, Indiana. Crown Point: n.p., 1908.

1910 Census — Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1910. T624, 1,178 rolls.

1920 Census — Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Note: Enumeration Districts 819-839 on roll 323 (Chicago City) Original data: Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920; (National Archives Microfilm Publication T625, 2076 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C.

1926 Plat Book — Allman Gary Title Company. Atlas and Plat Book of Lake County Indiana. Rockford: The Thrift Press, 1926.

1930 Census — Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626, 2,667 rolls.

1939 Plat Book — Lake County Title Co. Plat Book of Lake County 1939. N.p., n.d.

1940 Census — Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1940. T627, 4,643 rolls.

1950 Plat Book — Samuel E. Brownsten. 1950 Map of Lake County, Indiana Showing Ownerships. N.p.

1972 Plat BookLake County Indiana Plat Book & Index of Owners. Town & Country Publishing Co., Inc. (La Porter, Ind.), 1972.

Ainsworth Triangle — The triangle formed by the junction of Ainsworth Road (in its old configuration), State Road 51 (aka Grand Boulevard) and the Grand Trunk Railroad. Example: Ainsworth Triangle in 1939.

CPI Inflation Calculator — "CPI Inflation Calculator." U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. http://www.bls.gov/data/inflation_calculator.htm.

Cook County, Illinois, Deaths Index — Ancestry.com. Cook County, Illinois, Deaths Index, 1878-1922 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Illinois, Cook County Deaths 1878–1922.” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2010. Illinois Department of Public Health. “Birth and Death Records, 1916–present." Division of Vital Records, Springfield, Illinois.

Cook County, Illinois, Marriages Index — Ancestry.com. Cook County, Illinois, Marriages Index, 1871-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: "Illinois, Cook County Marriages, 1871-1920." Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2010. Illinois Department of Public Health records. "Marriage Records, 1871-present." Division of Vital Records, Springfield, Illinois.

Early Land Sales, Lake County — Northwest Indiana Genealogical Society. Early Land Sales and Purchases, Lake County, Indiana, 1837 – 1857. Valparaiso: Northwest Indiana Genealogical Society, 2006.

History of Lake County and the Calumet Region — William Frederick Howat, M.D. (ed.). A Standard History of Lake County, Indiana and the Calumet Region. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1915.

Illinois Death and Stillbirths Index — Ancestry.com. Illinois, Deaths and Stillbirths Index, 1916-1947 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

Indiana Birth Certificates — Ancestry.com. Indiana, Birth Certificates, 1907-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2016. Original data: Indiana State Board of Health. Birth Certificates, 1907-1940. Microfilm. Indiana Archives and Records Administration, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Indiana Death Certificates — Ancestry.com. Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: Indiana State Board of Health. Death Certificates, 1900–2011. Microfilm. Indiana Archives and Records Administration, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Indiana Gold Star Honor Roll, 1914-1918 — Ancestry.com. Indiana Gold Star Honor Roll, 1914-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Indiana Historical Commission. Indiana World War Records: Gold Star Honor Roll, A Record of Indiana Men and Women who died in the service of the United States and the Allied Nations in the World War, 1914-1918. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Indiana Historical Commission, 1921.

Indiana Marriage Collection — Ancestry.com. Indiana Marriage Collection, 1800-1941 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: Works Progress Administration, comp. Index to Marriage Records Indiana: Indiana Works Progress Administration, 1938-1940; Jordan Dodd, Liahona Research, comp. Electronic transcription of marriage records held by the individual counties in Indiana. Many of these records are on microfilm at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah; or Ancestry.com. Indiana, Select Marriages Index, 1748-1993 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.

Indiana WPA Death Records Index — Ancestry.com. Indiana Deaths, 1882-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2004. Original data: Various Indiana county death records indexed by the Indiana Works Projects Administration. Indiana: circa 1938-1941.

Lake County Encyclopedia — The Rev. Timothy Horton Ball. Encyclopedia of Genealogy and Biography of Lake County, Indiana, with a Compendium of History 1834 – 1904. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1904.

Lake County, Indiana, Birth Records Index, 1882-1920. Ancestry.com. Lake County, Indiana Index to Birth Records, 1882-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002. Original data: Indiana Works Progress Administration, comp. Index to birth records, Lake County, Indiana, 1882-1920. Crown Point, IN, USA: The Administration, 1938.

Porter and Lake Counties (Goodspeed/Blanchard) — Weston A. Goodspeed and Charles Blanchard (eds.). Counties of Porter and Lake Indiana. Historical and Biographical. Illustrated. Chicago: F.A. Battey & Co., 1882.

Social Security Applications — Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.

Social Security Death Index — Ancestry.com. Social Security Death Index [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Original data: Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration.

WWI Draft Cards — Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: United States, Selective Service System. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. M1509, 4,582 rolls. Imaged from Family History Library microfilm.

WWII Army Enlistment Records — Ancestry.com.: either National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File, 1938-1946 [Archival Database]; World War II Army Enlistment Records; Records of the National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 64; National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD; or U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Original data: United States, Selective Service System. Selective Service Registration Cards, World War II: Fourth Registration. Records of the Selective Service System, Record Group Number 147. National Archives and Records Administration.

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My primary sources of information about wild flowers, grasses and mushrooms are:

♦ Lawrence Newcomb. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1977.

♦ Jack Sanders. The Secrets of Wildflowers: A Delightful Feast of Little-Known Facts, Folklore, and History. Guilford: The Lyons Press, 2003.

♦ Lauren Brown. Grasses: An Identification Guide. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1979.

♦ Gary H. Lincoff. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms. New York: Alfred A. Knopf (Chanticleer Press), 1981.